A high risk pregnancy is the one in which some conditions puts the mother or the developing fetus or both at higher than normal risk of developing complications during or after the pregnancy and birth. Such women and their babies need close monitoring and care throughout the pregnancy. It is essential to understand what causes a high-risk pregnancy and to manage it properly at the right time.
Pre-existing conditions/factors that can increase the chances of a High-Risk Pregnancy include:
Pregnancy complications – Various complications that develop during pregnancy pose risks, such as problems with the uterus, cervix or placenta.
Other concerns might include too much amniotic fluid (polyhydramnios) or low amniotic fluid (oligohydramnios), restricted fetal growth, or Rh (rhesus) sensitization — a potentially serious condition that can occur when the mother’s blood group is Rh-negative and the baby’s blood group is Rh-positive.
Consult your health care provider about how to manage any medical conditions you might have during your pregnancy and how your health might affect labor and delivery. Ask your health care provider to discuss specific signs or symptoms to look out for, such as:
Also, find out which signs or symptoms should prompt you to contact your health care provider and when to seek emergency care.
A high-risk pregnancy might have ups and downs. Do your best to stay positive as you take steps to promote a healthy pregnancy.
A high-risk pregnancy can be detected at an early stage in the pregnancy with a complete medical history of the mother, a thorough medical examination supported by certain investigations. Continuous monitoring of physical health and personal habits help a health care provider in identifying any risks/problems that develop during pregnancy.
Once a diagnosis has been made, the woman with a high-risk pregnancy should receive specialized care from a team of health care providers adept in managing high-risk pregnancies throughout the pregnancy to ensure that she carries the fetus or fetuses to term.
If you fall into the high-risk category during your pregnancy there are things you can do to increase the health and wellness of both your unborn child and yourself and avoid pregnancy complications: