Laparoscopy

Laparoscopy Treatment

 

Doctors use laparoscopy to check up the internal organs of your body. It is a kind of light, slender telescope. Gynecologic laparoscopy is conducted to look for potential conditions like fibroids or endometriosis, which can also be a kind of treatment. Your doctor can perform different surgeries with these mini instruments like tubal ligation (surgical contraception), ovarian cyst removal, and hysterectomy. In general, laparoscopy takes a shorter time to heal as compared to open surgery. A surgeon or gynecologist will handle this procedure. It may also leave behind small scars.

 

Why Do You Need Gynecologic Laparoscopy?

Laparoscopy is recommended for treatment and/or diagnosis of gynecological problems. The diagnostic process often leads to treatment. Here are some of the reasons –

  • Unexplained infertility
  • Unexplained pelvic pain
  • History with pelvic infection

 

Laparoscopy is used to diagnose the following conditions –

  • Uterine fibroids
  • Endometriosis
  • Tumors/ovarian cysts
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Pelvic adhesions/painful scar tissue
  • Pus or pelvic abscess
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Infertility
  • Reproductive cancers

 

Here are some of the types of laparoscopic treatments –

  • Removal of ovaries
  • Removal of uterus/hysterectomy
  • Removal of fibroids
  • Removal of ovarian cysts
  • Blocking the flow of blood to fibroids
  • Adhesion removal
  • Endometrial tissue ablation
  • Burch process to treat incontinence
  • Tubal ligation
  • Vault suspension

 

Preparation

Preparation for surgery depends on its type. Your doctor might want you to fast or go through imaging tests. Ask your doctor before taking any medication, especially supplements and OTC drugs. They may tell you to stop them before the procedure. Be sure to hire a cab or ask a friend to pick you up after surgery. You might not be ready to drive yourself.

 

Treatment Procedure

Laparoscopy is virtually always conducted with general anesthesia. You will remain unconscious during the procedure but you can still go back home the very same day. A catheter is inserted to collect urine when you fall asleep. Your abdomen is filled with CO2 with a small needle to keep the abdominal wall separated from organs to reduce the risk of damage.

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